Legalization of cannabis

On April 13, 2017, the federal government tabled in the House of Commons Bill C-45: An Act respecting cannabis and amending the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code and other acts.

Bill C-45 aims to strictly regulate the production, distribution, sale and possession of cannabis in Canada.

Provincial and territorial governments will be responsible for:

  • prevention;
  • health promotion;
  • public safety, including road safety;
  • workplace management;
  • distribution, sales and compliance with regulations;
  • permit granting;
  • cannabis distribution and sales monitoring in compliance with minimum federal standards. 

For its part, the Government of Quebec held a Forum of experts, followed by a consultation and exchange process. The result of this consultation will lead to the tabling of a draft framework law in the fall of 2017.

For more information, follow this link.

The Institut national de santé publique du Québec has produced several fact sheets and other documents of interest on the subject. These documents can be consulted in French here. 


Regional level – Quebec

The Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador (AFNQL) mandated the FNQLHSSC to organize a day of reflection, held on September 19, 2017, during which experts shared their expertise with the participants.

Summary report

A brief was produced and submitted to the Government of Quebec during a day of consultation with First Nations and Inuit on September 29, 2017. The brief addresses various themes, including prevention, awareness and health effects, public safety, economic development and taxation, and concludes with a list of recommendations. 

National level

In October 2017, the Assembly of First Nations announced the establishment of a working group to examine the impacts of the legalization of cannabis.


Useful links

  • Brief - january 2018
  • Brief - september 2017
  • Fact sheet - Cannabis use among First Nations
  • First Nations day of reflection, September 19, 2017
  • First Nations and Inuit consultation day with Quebec, September 29
  • AFNQL brief
  • AFN Bulletin – October 2017  
  • AFN Resolution no
  • Resolution
  • Don't drive high