• Research
Feb 19, 2018
New! – The Research Sector is launching a series of columns on themes that are at the heart of First Nations. Their purpose is to inform you and present to you the results of the population surveys conducted by the FNQLHSSC, in close collaboration with the First Nations communities in Quebec. 

First Nations employment

Employment is defined as paid work (pay, salary or self-employment). 51.5% of First Nations adults say they are employed. People who are employed can have various statuses: permanent, seasonal, contractual or occasional. 


Did you know that:

• The majority (85.2%) of employed adults work in their respective communities?
• Employment can positively influence health status, well-being, food security and relocation?
• Factors such as geographic isolation, education and spoken language can also affect access to employment for First Nations adults?

Take, for example, education. It is possible to relate the level of education among employed adults. The figure below shows employed adults by their completed level of education. It demonstrates that, the higher the level of education, the more adults are employed. 

This type of analysis provides a better understanding of the characteristics or factors that may influence the social determinants of health. Using the data from the Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey (REEES), many possibilities are open to you for producing multivariate analyses and cross-tabulations regarding adult employment.

Interested communities can explore their community data according to specific themes or they can develop a profile, and the FNQLHSSC can support them in these activities.
For more information, please contact Joannie Gray Roussel, Support Agent – Research and Evaluation, at 418-842-1540, ext. 2509.

The results presented in this column come from the REEES. This survey was conducted between January 2014 and March 2015 in 20 First Nations communities in Quebec.